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JavaScript gotcha: object.assign() merges into the first object

The object.assign() method performs a shallow merge of two or more objects.

You pass in each object you want to merge as an argument, and object.assign() will spit out a single object with all of their properties combined.

Note: in a shallow merge, nested objects are overwritten completely rather than having their values merged together.

var object1 = {
	apple: 0,
	banana: {
		weight: 52,
		price: 100
	cherry: 97

var object2 = {
	banana: {
		price: 200
	durian: 100

var object3 = {
	apple: 'yum',
	pie: 3.214,
	applePie: true

// In this example, "banana" will only contain {price: 200}
// In a deep merge, it would contain {price: 200, weight: 52}
var merged = Object.assign(object1, object2, object3);

Where people sometimes get tripped is that Object.assign() merges all of the objects into the first one that’s passed in.

In the example above, merged and object1 are identical. Here’s a demo.

To create a completely new object, pass in an empty object as the first argument.

var merged = Object.assign({}, object1, object2, object3);

Now, merged is the combined object, while object1 retains its original properties. Here’s another demo for you.