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Getting all of a form's elements with vanilla JS

Today, I want to show you a quick trick you can use to get all of the elements in a form using the HTMLFormElement.elements property.

Let’s dig in.

Getting all of the elements in a form

Let’s say you have a form like this.

<form id="my-form">

	<label for="name">Name</label>
	<input type="text" name="name" id="name">

	<label for="address">Address</label>
	<input type="text" name="address" id="address">

	<label for="email">Email</label>
	<input type="email" name="email" id="email">

	<label for="hear-about-us">How did you hear about us?</label>
	<select name="hear-about-us" id="hear-about-us">
		<option value=""></option>
		<option value="google">Google</option>
		<option value="referral">Referred by a Friend</option>
		<option value="tv">A TV Ad</option>
		<option value="radio">A Radio Ad</option>

	<label for="more">Additional thoughts?</label>
	<textarea name="more" id="more"></textarea>

	<p><strong>Do you agree to our terms of service?</strong></p>
		<input type="radio" name="tos" value="yes">
		<input type="radio" name="tos" value="no">

	<p><strong>Pick your favorite super heros.</strong></p>

		<input type="checkbox" name="spiderman">

		<input type="checkbox" name="wonderwoman">
		Wonder Woman

		<input type="checkbox" name="blackpanther">
		Black Panther

		<button type="submit">Submit</button>


You can get all of the elements in the form by getting the form itself, and then calling the elements property on it.

var form = document.querySelector('#my-form');
var elements = form.elements;

Here’s a demo.

The elements property returns an HTMLFormControlsCollection, an array-like set of elements.

You can convert them to an array using the Array.from() method or the trick. Then you can use array methods like forEach() and the map() method to loop through them.

var elemsArr1 = Array.from(elements);
var elemsArr2 =;

Browser compatibility

The HTMLFormElement.elements method works in all modern browsers, and IE9 and up.